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Parameters are a set of static, named metadata about a story, typically used to control the behavior of Storybook features and addons.
For example, let’s customize the backgrounds addon via a parameter. We’ll use
parameters.backgrounds to define which backgrounds appear in the backgrounds toolbar when a story is selected.
We can set a parameter for a single story with the
parameters key on a CSF export:
We can set the parameters for all stories of a component using the
parameters key on the default CSF export:
We can also set the parameters for all stories via the
parameters export of your
.storybook/preview.js file (this is the file where you configure all stories):
Setting a global parameter is a common way to configure addons. With backgrounds, you configure the list of backgrounds that every story can render in.
The way the global, component and story parameters are combined is:
- More specific parameters take precedence (so a story parameter overwrites a component parameter which overwrites a global parameter).
- Parameters are merged so keys are only ever overwritten, never dropped.
The merging of parameters is important. It means it is possible to override a single specific sub-parameter on a per-story basis but still retain the majority of the parameters defined globally.
If you are defining an API that relies on parameters (e.g. an addon) it is a good idea to take this behavior into account.