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Storybook Day 2023
Back to Create an Addon
  • Introduction
  • Setup
  • Register addon
  • Track state
  • Decorators
  • Preset
  • Add to catalog
  • Conclusion

Track state

Manage addon state across the Manager and Preview

React has built in hooks, such as useState, to manage state. Usually, this would be enough. However, in this case things are slightly more complicated. Let’s take a moment to talk about how Storybook is architected.

Basics of Storybook’s architecture

manager preview

On the surface, Storybook presents a unified user interface. However, under the hood it’s divided into two segments that talk to each other across a communication channel:

  • A Manager: the UI where Storybook’s search, navigation, toolbars, and addons are rendered.
  • Preview: an iframe where the stories are rendered.

We need to track the toggle state and we also need to share that state across both the Manager and Preview. Therefore, instead of useState we are going to use useGlobals from @storybook/api.

Track global state

Globals represent the “global” (as in not story-specific) context in Storybook. They are a handy way to share information between different stories, addons and decorators. The useGlobals hook that allows you to access this global context within the tool that you’re building.

Checkout @storybook/addons for more addons related APIs.

The Addon Kit preconfigures the Tool to use globals. Let’s rename the global to more accurately reflect what it does. The toggleOutline function allows the user to actually toggle the outline addon on and off 👉🏽🔘

The tool track toggle state

import React, { useCallback } from 'react';
import { useGlobals } from '@storybook/api';
import { Icons, IconButton } from '@storybook/components';
import { TOOL_ID } from './constants';

export const Tool = () => {
+  const [{ outlineActive }, updateGlobals] = useGlobals();

+  const toggleOutline = useCallback(
    () =>
+        outlineActive: !outlineActive,
+    [outlineActive]

  return (
+      active={outlineActive}
      title="Apply outlines to the preview"
+      onClick={toggleOutline}
      <Icons icon="outline" />
Keep your code in sync with this chapter. View ffd9ccb on GitHub.
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