@storybook/testing-react
Testing utilities that allow you to reuse your stories in your unit tests
npm install @storybook/testing-react
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Storybook React Testing

Testing utilities that allow you to reuse your stories in your unit tests


The problem

You are using Storybook for your components and writing tests for them with jest, most likely alongside Enzyme or React testing library. In your Storybook stories, you already defined the scenarios of your components. You also set up the necessary decorators (theming, routing, state management, etc.) to make them all render correctly. When you're writing tests, you also end up defining scenarios of your components, as well as setting up the necessary decorators. By doing the same thing twice, you feel like you're spending too much effort, making writing and maintaining stories/tests become less like fun and more like a burden.

The solution

@storybook/testing-react is a solution to reuse your Storybook stories in your React tests. By reusing your stories in your tests, you have a catalog of component scenarios ready to be tested. All args and decorators from your story and its meta, and also global decorators, will be composed by this library and returned to you in a simple component. This way, in your unit tests, all you have to do is select which story you want to render, and all the necessary setup will be already done for you. This is the missing piece that allows for better shareability and maintenance between writing tests and writing Storybook stories.

Installation

This library should be installed as one of your project's devDependencies:

via npm

npm install --save-dev @storybook/testing-react

or via yarn

yarn add --dev @storybook/testing-react

Setup

Storybook 6 and Component Story Format

This library requires you to be using Storybook version 6, Component Story Format (CSF) and hoisted CSF annotations, which is the recommended way to write stories since Storybook 6.

Essentially, if you use Storybook 6 and your stories look similar to this, you're good to go!

// CSF: default export (meta) + named exports (stories)
export default {
  title: 'Example/Button',
  component: Button,
};

const Primary = args => <Button {...args} />; // or with Template.bind({})
Primary.args = {
  primary: true,
};

Global config

This is an optional step. If you don't have global decorators, there's no need to do this. However, if you do, this is a necessary step for your global decorators to be applied.

If you have global decorators/parameters/etc and want them applied to your stories when testing them, you first need to set this up. You can do this by adding to or creating a jest setup file:

// setupFile.js <-- this will run before the tests in jest.
import { setGlobalConfig } from '@storybook/testing-react';
import * as globalStorybookConfig from './.storybook/preview'; // path of your preview.js file

setGlobalConfig(globalStorybookConfig);

For the setup file to be picked up, you need to pass it as an option to jest in your test command:

// package.json
{
  "test": "react-scripts test --setupFiles ./setupFile.js"
}

Usage

composeStories

composeStories will process all stories from the component you specify, compose args/decorators in all of them and return an object containing the composed stories.

If you use the composed story (e.g. PrimaryButton), the component will render with the args that are passed in the story. However, you are free to pass any props on top of the component, and those props will override the default values passed in the story's args.

import { render, screen } from '@testing-library/react';
import { composeStories } from '@storybook/testing-react';
import * as stories from './Button.stories'; // import all stories from the stories file

// Every component that is returned maps 1:1 with the stories, but they already contain all decorators from story level, meta level and global level.
const { Primary, Secondary } = composeStories(stories);

test('renders primary button with default args', () => {
  render(<Primary />);
  const buttonElement = screen.getByText(
    /Text coming from args in stories file!/i
  );
  expect(buttonElement).not.toBeNull();
});

test('renders primary button with overriden props', () => {
  render(<Primary>Hello world</Primary>); // you can override props and they will get merged with values from the Story's args
  const buttonElement = screen.getByText(/Hello world/i);
  expect(buttonElement).not.toBeNull();
});

composeStory

You can use composeStory if you wish to apply it for a single story rather than all of your stories. You need to pass the meta (default export) as well.

import { render, screen } from '@testing-library/react';
import { composeStory } from '@storybook/testing-react';
import Meta, { Primary as PrimaryStory } from './Button.stories';

// Returns a component that already contain all decorators from story level, meta level and global level.
const Primary = composeStory(PrimaryStory, Meta);

test('onclick handler is called', async () => {
  const onClickSpy = jest.fn();
  render(<Primary onClick={onClickSpy} />);
  const buttonElement = screen.getByRole('button');
  buttonElement.click();
  expect(onClickSpy).toHaveBeenCalled();
});

Reusing story properties

The components returned by composeStories or composeStory not only can be rendered as React components, but also come with the combined properties from story, meta and global configuration. This means that if you want to access args or parameters, for instance, you can do so:

import { render, screen } from '@testing-library/react';
import { composeStory } from '@storybook/testing-react';
import * as stories from './Button.stories';

const { Primary } = composeStories(stories);

test('reuses args from composed story', () => {
  render(<Primary />);

  const buttonElement = screen.getByRole('button');
  // Testing against values coming from the story itself! No need for duplication
  expect(buttonElement.textContent).toEqual(Primary.args.children);
});

If you're using Typescript: Given that some of the returned properties are not required, typescript might perceive them as nullable properties and present an error. If you are sure that they exist (e.g. certain arg that is set in the story), you can use the non-null assertion operator to tell typescript that it's all good:

// ERROR: Object is possibly 'undefined'
Primary.args.children;

// SUCCESS: 🎉
Primary.args!.children;

Typescript

@storybook/testing-react is typescript ready and provides autocompletion to easily detect all stories of your component:

component autocompletion

It also provides the props of the components just as you would normally expect when using them directly in your tests:

props autocompletion

Type inference is only possible in projects that have either strict or strictBindApplyCall modes set to true in their tsconfig.json file. You also need a TypeScript version over 4.0.0. If you don't have proper type inference, this might be the reason.

// tsconfig.json
{
  "compilerOptions": {
    // ...
    "strict": true, // You need either this option
    "strictBindCallApply": true // or this option
    // ...
  }
  // ...
}

Disclaimer

For the types to be automatically picked up, your stories must be typed. See an example:

import React from 'react';
import { Story, Meta } from '@storybook/react';

import { Button, ButtonProps } from './Button';

export default {
  title: 'Components/Button',
  component: Button,
} as Meta;

// Story<Props> is the key piece needed for typescript validation
const Template: Story<ButtonProps> = args => <Button {...args} />;

export const Primary = Template.bind({});
Primary.args = {
  children: 'foo',
  size: 'large',
};

License

MIT