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Assemble a composite component

Assemble a composite component out of simpler components

Last chapter, we built our first component; this chapter extends what we learned to make TaskList, a list of Tasks. Let’s combine components together and see what happens when we introduce more complexity.

Tasklist

Taskbox emphasizes pinned tasks by positioning them above default tasks. It yields two variations of TaskList you need to create stories for, default and pinned items.

default and pinned tasks

Since Task data can be sent asynchronously, we also need a loading state to render in the absence of a connection. In addition, we require an empty state for when there are no tasks.

empty and loading tasks

Get set up

A composite component isn’t much different from the basic components it contains. Create a TaskList component and an accompanying story file: src/components/TaskList.js and src/components/TaskList.stories.js.

Start with a rough implementation of the TaskList. You’ll need to import the Task component from earlier and pass in the attributes and actions as inputs.

Copy
src/components/TaskList.js
import React from 'react';

import Task from './Task';

export default function TaskList({ loading, tasks, onPinTask, onArchiveTask }) {
  const events = {
    onPinTask,
    onArchiveTask,
  };

  if (loading) {
    return <div className="list-items">loading</div>;
  }

  if (tasks.length === 0) {
    return <div className="list-items">empty</div>;
  }

  return (
    <div className="list-items">
      {tasks.map(task => (
        <Task key={task.id} task={task} {...events} />
      ))}
    </div>
  );
}

Next, create Tasklist’s test states in the story file.

Copy
src/components/TaskList.stories.js
import React from 'react';

import TaskList from './TaskList';
import * as TaskStories from './Task.stories';

export default {
  component: TaskList,
  title: 'TaskList',
  decorators: [story => <div style={{ padding: '3rem' }}>{story()}</div>],
};

const Template = args => <TaskList {...args} />;

export const Default = Template.bind({});
Default.args = {
  // Shaping the stories through args composition.
  // The data was inherited from the Default story in Task.stories.js.
  tasks: [
    { ...TaskStories.Default.args.task, id: '1', title: 'Task 1' },
    { ...TaskStories.Default.args.task, id: '2', title: 'Task 2' },
    { ...TaskStories.Default.args.task, id: '3', title: 'Task 3' },
    { ...TaskStories.Default.args.task, id: '4', title: 'Task 4' },
    { ...TaskStories.Default.args.task, id: '5', title: 'Task 5' },
    { ...TaskStories.Default.args.task, id: '6', title: 'Task 6' },
  ],
};

export const WithPinnedTasks = Template.bind({});
WithPinnedTasks.args = {
  // Shaping the stories through args composition.
  // Inherited data coming from the Default story.
  tasks: [
    ...Default.args.tasks.slice(0, 5),
    { id: '6', title: 'Task 6 (pinned)', state: 'TASK_PINNED' },
  ],
};

export const Loading = Template.bind({});
Loading.args = {
  tasks: [],
  loading: true,
};

export const Empty = Template.bind({});
Empty.args = {
  // Shaping the stories through args composition.
  // Inherited data coming from the Loading story.
  ...Loading.args,
  loading: false,
};
💡 Decorators are a way to provide arbitrary wrappers to stories. In this case we’re using a decorator key on the default export to add some padding around the rendered component. They can also be used to wrap stories in “providers”-–i.e., library components that set React context.

By importing TaskStories, we were able to compose the arguments (args for short) in our stories with minimal effort. That way, the data and actions (mocked callbacks) expected by both components are preserved.

Now check Storybook for the new TaskList stories.

Build out the states

Our component is still rough, but now we have an idea of the stories to work toward. You might be thinking that the .list-items wrapper is overly simplistic. You're right – in most cases, we wouldn’t create a new component just to add a wrapper. But the real complexity of the TaskList component is revealed in the edge cases withPinnedTasks, loading, and empty.

Copy
src/components/TaskList.js
import React from 'react';

import Task from './Task';

export default function TaskList({ loading, tasks, onPinTask, onArchiveTask }) {
  const events = {
    onPinTask,
    onArchiveTask,
  };
  const LoadingRow = (
    <div className="loading-item">
      <span className="glow-checkbox" />
      <span className="glow-text">
        <span>Loading</span> <span>cool</span> <span>state</span>
      </span>
    </div>
  );
  if (loading) {
    return (
      <div className="list-items" data-testid="loading" key={"loading"}>
        {LoadingRow}
        {LoadingRow}
        {LoadingRow}
        {LoadingRow}
        {LoadingRow}
        {LoadingRow}
      </div>
    );
  }
  if (tasks.length === 0) {
    return (
      <div className="list-items" key={"empty"} data-testid="empty">
        <div className="wrapper-message">
          <span className="icon-check" />
          <p className="title-message">You have no tasks</p>
          <p className="subtitle-message">Sit back and relax</p>
        </div>
      </div>
    );
  }

  const tasksInOrder = [
    ...tasks.filter((t) => t.state === "TASK_PINNED"),
    ...tasks.filter((t) => t.state !== "TASK_PINNED"),
  ];
  return (
    <div className="list-items">
      {tasksInOrder.map((task) => (
        <Task key={task.id} task={task} {...events} />
      ))}
    </div>
  );
}

The added markup results in the following UI:

Note the position of the pinned item in the list. We want the pinned item to render at the top of the list to make it a priority for our users.

Data requirements and props

As the component grows, so do input requirements. Define the prop requirements of TaskList. Because Task is a child component, make sure to provide data in the right shape to render it. To save time and headache, reuse the propTypes you defined in Task earlier.

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src/components/TaskList.js
import React from 'react';
+ import PropTypes from 'prop-types';

import Task from './Task';

export default function TaskList({ loading, tasks, onPinTask, onArchiveTask }) {
  const events = {
    onPinTask,
    onArchiveTask,
  };
  const LoadingRow = (
    <div className="loading-item">
      <span className="glow-checkbox" />
      <span className="glow-text">
        <span>Loading</span> <span>cool</span> <span>state</span>
      </span>
    </div>
  );
  if (loading) {
    return (
      <div className="list-items" data-testid="loading" key={"loading"}>
        {LoadingRow}
        {LoadingRow}
        {LoadingRow}
        {LoadingRow}
        {LoadingRow}
        {LoadingRow}
      </div>
    );
  }
  if (tasks.length === 0) {
    return (
      <div className="list-items" key={"empty"} data-testid="empty">
        <div className="wrapper-message">
          <span className="icon-check" />
          <p className="title-message">You have no tasks</p>
          <p className="subtitle-message">Sit back and relax</p>
        </div>
      </div>
    );
  }

  const tasksInOrder = [
    ...tasks.filter((t) => t.state === "TASK_PINNED"),
    ...tasks.filter((t) => t.state !== "TASK_PINNED"),
  ];
  return (
    <div className="list-items">
      {tasksInOrder.map((task) => (
        <Task key={task.id} task={task} {...events} />
      ))}
    </div>
  );
}

+ TaskList.propTypes = {
+  /** Checks if it's in loading state */
+  loading: PropTypes.bool,
+  /** The list of tasks */
+  tasks: PropTypes.arrayOf(Task.propTypes.task).isRequired,
+  /** Event to change the task to pinned */
+  onPinTask: PropTypes.func,
+  /** Event to change the task to archived */
+  onArchiveTask: PropTypes.func,
+ };
+ TaskList.defaultProps = {
+  loading: false,
+ };
💡 Don't forget to commit your changes with git!
Keep your code in sync with this chapter. View 73d7821 on GitHub.
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