ArgTypes

ArgTypes specify the behavior of args. By specifying the type of an arg, you constrain the values that it can accept and provide information about args that are not explicitly set (i.e., description).

You can also use argTypes to “annotate” args with information used by addons that make use of those args. For instance, to instruct the controls addon to render a color picker, you could specify the 'color' control type.

The most concrete realization of argTypes is the ArgTypes doc block (Controls is similar). Each row in the table corresponds to a single argType and the current value of that arg.

ArgTypes table

Automatic argType inference

If you are using the Storybook docs addon (installed by default as part of essentials), then Storybook will infer a set of argTypes for each story based on the component specified in the default export of the CSF file.

To do so, Storybook uses various static analysis tools depending on your framework.

FrameworkStatic analysis tool
Reactreact-docgen (default) or react-docgen-typescript
Vuevue-docgen-api
Angularcompodoc
WebComponentscustom-element.json
EmberYUI doc

The data structure of argTypes is designed to match the output of the these tools. Properties specified manually will override what is inferred.

Manually specifying argTypes

For most Storybook projects, argTypes are automatically inferred from your components. Any argTypes specified manually will override the inferred values.

ArgTypes are most often specified at the meta (component) level, in the default export of the CSF file:

They can apply to all stories when specified at the project (global) level, in the preview.js|ts configuration file:

Or they can apply only to a specific story:

argTypes

Type:

Loading...

You configure argTypes using an object with keys matching the name of args. The value of each key is an object with the following properties:

control

Type:

Loading...

Default:

  1. 'select', if options are specified
  2. Else, inferred from type
  3. Else, 'object'

Specify the behavior of the controls addon for the arg. If you specify a string, it's used as the type of the control. If you specify an object, you can provide additional configuration. Specifying false will prevent the control from rendering.

control.type

Type: ControlType | null

Default: Inferred; 'select', if options are specified; falling back to 'object'

Specifies the type of control used to change the arg value with the controls addon. Here are the available types, ControlType, grouped by the type of data they handle:

Data typeControlTypeDescription
array'object'Provides a JSON-based editor to handle the values of the array. Also allows editing in raw mode.
{ control: 'object' }
boolean'boolean'Provides a toggle for switching between possible states.
{ control: 'boolean' }
enum'check'Provides a set of stacked checkboxes for selecting multiple options.
{ control: 'check', options: ['email', 'phone', 'mail'] }
'inline-check'Provides a set of inlined checkboxes for selecting multiple options.
{ control: 'inline-check', options: ['email', 'phone', 'mail'] }
'radio'Provides a set of stacked radio buttons based on the available options.
{ control: 'radio', options: ['email', 'phone', 'mail'] }
'inline-radio'Provides a set of inlined radio buttons based on the available options.
{ control: 'inline-radio', options: ['email', 'phone', 'mail'] }
'select'Provides a select to choose a single value from the options.
{ control: 'select', options: [20, 30, 40, 50] }
'multi-select'Provides a select to choose multiple values from the options.
{ control: 'multi-select', options: ['USA', 'Canada', 'Mexico'] }
number'number'Provides a numeric input to include the range of all possible values.
{ control: { type: 'number', min:1, max:30, step: 2 } }
'range'Provides a range slider to include all possible values.
{ control: { type: 'range', min: 1, max: 30, step: 3 } }
object'file'Provides a file input that returns an array of URLs. Can be further customized to accept specific file types.
{ control: { type: 'file', accept: '.png' } }
'object'Provides a JSON-based editor to handle the object's values. Also allows editing in raw mode.
{ control: 'object' }
string'color'Provides a color picker to choose color values. Can be additionally configured to include a set of color presets.
{ control: { type: 'color', presetColors: ['red', 'green']} }
'date'Provides a datepicker to choose a date.
{ control: 'date' }
'text'Provides a freeform text input.
{ control: 'text' }

The date control will convert the date into a UNIX timestamp when the value changes. It's a known limitation that will be fixed in a future release. If you need to represent the actual date, you'll need to update the story's implementation and convert the value into a date object.

control.accept

Type: string

When type is 'file', you can specify the file types that are accepted. The value should be a string of comma-separated MIME types.

control.labels

Type: { [option: string]: string }

Map options to labels. labels doesn't have to be exhaustive. If an option is not in the object's keys, it's used verbatim.

control.max

Type: number

When type is 'number' or 'range', sets the maximum allowed value.

control.min

Type: number

When type is 'number' or 'range', sets the minimum allowed value.

control.presetColors

Type: string[]

When type is 'color', defines the set of colors that are available in addition to the general color picker. The values in the array should be valid CSS color values.

control.step

Type: number

When type is 'number' or 'range', sets the granularity allowed when incrementing/decrementing the value.

description

Type: string

Default: Inferred

Describe the arg. (If you intend to describe the type of the arg, you should use table.type, instead.)

if

Type:

Loading...

Conditionally render an argType based on the value of another arg or global.

mapping

Type: { [key: string]: { [option: string]: any } }

Map options to values.

When dealing with non-primitive values, you'll notice that you'll run into some limitations. The most obvious issue is that not every value can be represented as part of the args param in the URL, losing the ability to share and deeplink to such a state. Beyond that, complex values such as JSX cannot be synchronized between the manager (e.g., Controls addon) and the preview (your story).

mapping doesn't have to be exhaustive. If the currently selected option is not listed, it's used verbatim. Can be used with control.labels.

name

Type: string

The argTypes object uses the name of the arg as the key. By default, that key is used when displaying the argType in Storybook. You can override the displayed name by specifying a name property.

Be careful renaming args in this way. Users of the component you're documenting will not be able to use the documented name as a property of your component and the actual name will not displayed.

For this reason, the name property is best used when defining an argType that is only used for documentation purposes and not an actual property of the component. For example, when providing argTypes for each property of an object.

options

Type: string[]

Default: Inferred

If the arg accepts a finite set of values, you can specify them with options. If those values are complex, like JSX elements, you can use mapping to map them to string values. You can use control.labels to provide custom labels for the options.

table

Type:

Loading...

Default: Inferred

Specify how the arg is documented in the ArgTypes doc block, Controls doc block, and Controls addon panel.

table.category

Type: string

Default: Inferred, in some frameworks

Display the argType under a category heading, with the label specified by category.

table.defaultValue

Type: { detail?: string; summary: string }

Default: Inferred

The documented default value of the argType. summary is typically used for the value itself, while detail is used for additional information.

table.disable

Type: boolean

Set to true to remove the argType's row from the table.

table.readonly

Type: boolean

Set to true to indicate that the argType is read-only.

table.subcategory

Type: string

Display the argType under a subcategory heading (which displays under the [category] heading), with the label specified by subcategory.

table.type

Type: { detail?: string; summary: string }

Default: Inferred from type

The documented type of the argType. summary is typically used for the type itself, while detail is used for additional information.

If you need to specify the actual, semantic type, you should use type, instead.

type

Type: 'boolean' | 'function' | 'number' | 'string' | 'symbol' | SBType

The full type of SBType is:

SBType
Loading...

Default: Inferred

Specifies the semantic type of the argType. When an argType is inferred, the information from the various tools is summarized in this property, which is then used to infer other properties, like control and table.type.

If you only need to specify the documented type, you should use table.type, instead.

defaultValue

(⛔️ Deprecated)

Type: any

Define the default value of the argType. Deprecated in favor of defining the arg value directly.

Was this page helpful?

Markdown accepted ([link text](url), _italic_, **bold**, etc). Your anonymous feedback will be posted publicly on GitHub.

✍️ Edit on GitHub – PRs welcome!
Storybook
Join the community
6,620 developers and counting
WhyWhy StorybookComponent-driven UI
DocsGuidesTutorialsChangelogTelemetry
CommunityAddonsGet involvedBlog
ShowcaseExploreProjectsComponent glossary
Open source software
Storybook

Maintained by
Chromatic
Special thanks to Netlify and CircleCI